Although born in Manchester, I was brought up in Stockport. In late summer 1967 my father entered a competition in the Manchester Evening News promoted by Milbury Homes, to win a new dream house. We had a choice of many sites , we settled on Lodge Court in Heaton Mersey.
Lodge Court sits on the junction of Didsbury Road and Mauldeth Road. Prior to 1967, it was the site of one of many manor houses along the Mersey Valley overlooking the river.
Lodge Court – the authors old house – copyright Allan Russell
We knew of Heaton Lodge, and at the time of moving in there was still evidence of the manor gardens leading down to an ornamental pond and a ruined greenhouse, still sporting grapevines . It had once been used to grow prized orchids and belonged to John Leeman (1843-1918) of West Bank house, the Orchid Review of 1909 says he had the finest collection of Orchids in the North of England. Further on from the greenhouse, there was another ornamental pond, which still can be seen today. The greenhouse is long gone, but a wall extends down from Catherine House which follows the path of the existing wall.
The old greenhouse wall and ornamental pond – copyright Allan Russell
However, it is Heaton Lodge that spurred my interest, I knew a manor house had existed there, as did all the children living on Lodge Court and occasionally we would unearth old bottles on the building site that is now Catherine House. I had almost given up on finding it until earlier this year when I found a tithe map of 1848, which shows Heaton Lodge and lists it as owned by John Marshall. I had a lead and over the next few months found out more about the house and its owners
Owners is a key word here, I was surprised at how many different people occupied the house over its 130 years of existence, at no point did it seem to be bequeathed to children, they just moved on, perhaps suggesting why its history has been hard to unearth, nobody retained a connection to the place.
The other problem I had was that I was looking in the wrong place. Although now firmly in Heaton Mersey, that area of Lancashire was part of Heaton Norris at the time.
1841 Tithe Map of Heaton Mersey
It was built around 1831 on land owned by John Marshall, the 1841 census shows the owner as a Heaton Norris man, Roger Rowson Lingard (27 September 1788 – 20 November 1844), who was an attorney at law, practicing at Lingard, Vaughan and Lingard on Tiviot Dale. Alexander Lingard was the son in Law of Thomas Marsland (MP for Stockport 1832-1841) the owner of several mills (including Wellington Mill, now the hat works). Roger was active in the firm around 1828, Alexander leaving the partnership on 31 December 1828 which provided conveyancing. The London Gazette of January 1842 announces the sale by auction of a John Heywood’s bankrupt mill on Heaton Lane to be carried out at the Warren Bulkley Arms on 21 March 1842 at 6pm.
Roger was also a landowner of substance, owning land in Northenden he married his second wife Mary Monk in 1821 in St Paul’s, Liverpool, in 1841 Heaton Lodge was occupied by:
|Roger Lingard||52||Attorney at Law|
|Richard Lingard||17||Attorneys Clerk|
Richard succeeded him in the legal practice, moving to Fulshaw Hall in Wilmslow , now owned by Astra Zeneca. Roger, his second son, studied at Brasenose College, Oxford graduating in 1847 and was ordained in 1854 moving to Carnoustie House, Taybank. He married Mary, daughter of Charles Guthrie, and adopted the name Lingard-Guthrie on Charles’ death in 1870.
In 1851 the House is occupied by John Marshall, a cotton spinner. He may be related to the John Marshall who owned the land, or the same person, but all trace I can find is that he is a cotton spinner in Stockport. In 1851 The Lancet reported a five guinea donation by his wife to the Royal Medical Benevolent college. There is a James Marshall recorded in Stockport owning several mills.
1851 sees the following in residence:
|John Marshall||Head||49||Cotton Manufacturer||Portwood|
|Maria Marshall||Wife||38||H Norris|
|Elizabeth Wallace||Servant||30||Cook||Herts Norsed|
|Elizabeth Hirst||Servant||22||Housemaid||York Thorpe|
|Heaton Lodge Lodge|
|George Waterhouse||Head||47||Coachman||Derby Highcliffe|
No record exists for the 1861 census, apart from the Lodge house
|Heaton Lodge Lodge|
In 1871 we find William R Barr and family living there. Mr Barr was a member of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, he appears in several of the minutes of proceedings, again he had made his money in cotton, but was also an Alderman according to the census. In 1860 the family later moved to Fernside in Cheadle Hulme, then Yew Bank in Cheadle and William was living there in 1902. He served as a magistrate in Stockport.
|William R Barr||Head||39||Alderman, Cotton spinner / manufacturer
Fellow Geological Society & British Association for the Advancement of Science
|Julia A Barr||Wife||37||Wife||Warrington|
|Charles E Barr||Son||9||Scholar||H Norris|
|George F Barr||Son||7||Scholar||H Norris|
|Ernest E Barr||Son||4||H Norris|
|Elizabeth Topham||Aunt & visitor||62||Rochdale|
|Margaret Cropper||Servant||26||Nurse Domestic Servant||Derbyshire Maveley|
|Martha A Henson||Servant||28||Cook||Wisbech Cambs|
|Julia Hyland||25||Housemaid||Kingston Dublin|
|Samuel Preston||Head||62||Gardener||H Norris|
Again the family were not in residence for the 1881 census, so we only have the inhabitants of the lodge
|Richard Swain||Head||39||Coachman||Pontesbury Salop|
|Edward Wileston||Step Son||20||Cotton Turner Piecer unemployed||Denbigh|
By 1886 Heaton Lodge is inhabited by Charles Lings , who was born in central Manchester. He became an accountant in Manchester Cotton mills and soon developed a flair for that noble and unsung art. He started working with Sir William Houldsworth of Houldsworth Mill in Reddish, and soon was known as his “Commercial Genius”, becoming a partner in that firm and driving much of Houldsworth’s success. His son Charles Scott Lings continued in the Cotton Trade, forming the Fine Spinners and Doublers Association, which became an umbrella group for the Manchester Mills, and eventually an FT 30 quoted company
Charles Lings died in 1888 at Heaton Lodge. He and his son both also lived at Shawbrooke Villa in Burnage.
The new management classes were now beginning to inhabit Heaton Mersey and in 1891 the General Manager, Mr James North Lane, of the Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Manchester came to live in the Heaton Lodge. We still have a connection with cotton, as fires were prevalent in cotton mills, and the Mutual Fire Insurance company was the first in the UK to offer reductions in premiums to mills who installed sprinklers (invented by, Henry Parmlee of Newhaven , Connecticut who came over to the UK and realised that by influencing insurers to reduce premiums would generate trade in sprinklers.)
|James North Lane||Head||49||General Manager Insurance Company||Exeter|
|Fanny Ellen Lane||Wife||50||Bath|
|Edith Mary Lane||Daughter||23||Bristol|
|Arthur Vere Lane||Son||21||Undergraduate (Cambridge)||Nailsea Somerset|
|Florence Maud Mary||Daughter||17||Nailsea|
|Libian Mary Lane||Daughter||9||Scholar||MCR|
|Constance Vere Lane||Daughter||4||MCR|
|Florence Hanny||Servant||19||Domestic Servant- Housemaid||Haddenham Cambs|
|Edith Woodfall||Servant||24||Servant –Nurse||Lancs Garstone|
|Martha Jones||Servant||27||Servant – Parlourmaid||Chelford Shrops|
|Margaret Pocock||Visitor||47||Hospital Sister – sick||Bath|
Obviously a busy man, and needing to stay connected to the business world, living in the lodge house now, we did not have a gardener, but his personal messenger
|William E Hacking||Head||55||Insurance Messenger||Clitheroe|
|Elizabeth Hacking||Wife||56||Askwith Somerset|
By now Heaton Norris is a thriving middle class area and John Harrop now becomes the owner of Heaton Lodge. John was born February 1st 1847 in Ancoats workhouse, the son of John and Caroline. He started work at seven years old, becoming a warper in Horsfall’s mill Romiley. Whilst at Hanover Mills in Reddish, he formed a book club, and was so enchanted by literature that he left the mill and became and agent for Chambers and other publishers. This spurred his entrepreneurial nature and he subsequently started dealing first in pictures, then in furniture, where he founded a successful furniture factory in Stockport at Bury Street Mills. He had a shop at 48-50, Lower Hillgate Stockport, and soon expanded throughout the North West of England, Glasgow and London, exporting his goods to Egypt and South Africa.
John Harrop – source gmlives.org
He was a teetotaller and became heavily involved in the temperance movement, stood successfully for Manchester council as became an Alderman for St John’s district in Manchester, becoming Lord Mayor of Manchester in 1906 and 1907. He was living at Heaton Lodge in 1911 and we learn that at that time there were 16 rooms in the house. He also had a house at 91 Piccadilly (which is now the Spar opposite Halfords) and in the Lake District.
|John Harrop||Head||64||Furniture Dealer||Stockport|
|William Gladstone Harrop||Son||28||Cashier, Bassinette works||Stockport|
|Maria Elizabeth Harrop||Daughter||23||Stockport|
|Frederick Hardy Harrop||Son||22||Solicitors Articles||Stockport|
|Rowland Hill Harrop||Son||16||Apprentice Drapery Trade||Cheadle|
|Francis Emma Allen||Servant||52||Cook||Failsworth|
The house now attracted many famous names. Winston Churchill dined there during his time as an MP for Manchester North West, presumably using his influence to lobby on behalf of his export trade. Churchill served under the Secretary of State to the colonies at that time.
After that we have no census data but we do know that Professor Frank Tylecote (born 1879) moved there in the late 1920s, and with his wife Mabel, he was the last inhabitant of Heaton Lodge, dying there in 1965
Frank was born in Cannock and was the son of a bank manager, he was educated at King’s School Macclesfield and trained as a doctor at Manchester Medical School, specialising in fevers and skin diseases. He became resident medical officer at the MRI, serving in France in the First World War as a major. Between 1929 and 1940 he was professor of medicine at Manchester University. He deserves accolade for being one of the first people to spot the connection between smoking and lung cancer, writing to the Lancet (1927, 2 256-257) “I think in almost every case I have seen and known, the patient had been a regular smoker, generally of cigarettes”
Frank Tylecote CBE ( source Citizen Scientist Salford) and Dame Mabel Tylecote (Copyright National Portrait gallery)
Frank had two children from his first marriage, then in 1930 he married Mabel Pythian PHD. Frank’s true calling was in politics, as was Mabel’s however, whilst Frank served as a conservative councillor and alderman between 1931 and 1963 for Manchester City Council. Mabel was a keen socialist campaigner (the Mabel Tylecote building at MMU is named after her). Mabel championed adult education and fought for women’s equality. In 1920, on taking a role at Huddersfield Technical college, she found that her role was paid substantially less than that of an equivalent male, and took on the authorities successfully for equal pay. Dinner table conversations must have been animated!
After Frank’s death, Mabel sold the house and it became the housing estate we see today. However in its time, it was a grand house and I will leave you with some pictures taken in during Frank and Mabel’s time there. Mabel died in 1987.
Heaton Lodge – Mabel Tylecote Collection, Manchester Archives
The Fireplace Heaton Lodge – Mabel Tylecote Collection, Manchester Archives
Copyright acknowledged where known, Census data transcribed from census returns 1841 – 1901